Thursday, April 17, 2014

Faculty Copyright Workshop

April Display: Archaeology of the Book

April's display features several beautiful handmade books created during Prof. Melissa Eddings' EXDS class, Archaeology of the Book. 

Prof. Eddings describes how the students create the books during her class:

"We began the semester with a brief survey of book history and how it evolved over time to the structure we are all familiar with today. Students were asked to think about what makes a book a book? What is the function of a book? Does the structure/binding define the book or vice versa? Students then made their own paper which which they folded into signatures for their text block. The historic model we were focusing on is a 14th century gothic-style Medieval book. After the paper was made, they began work on the wood (oak) covers. Sewing holes were drilled and the boards were shaped in the same manner as gothic-style Medieval books were shaped: rounded edges along the head, tail, and spine, and chamfered toward the fore edge of the book. Students then had the option of painting and distressing their covers to artificially "age" the books. Several layers of milk paint were applied and then burnished with steel wool. Once the desired effects were achieved, the covers were coated with wax (shoe polish) and buffed.

The sewing is a Coptic variation which involves attaching the boards to the text block as the spine is sewn. A link chain stitch was used which creates a beautiful braided chain across the spine. Historically, the spine would have been covered with leather, hiding the intricate sewing. I chose to leave the spine exposed to showcase the sewing pattern. Once both covers were attached, the end bands were sewn. Endbands are found at the head and tail of the spine of books. Many contemporary hardcover books have end bands, but these are applied as decoration and don't act as a structural component the way hand sewn endbands did centuries earlier."

The books and the materials used to make them will be on display in Heterick Library on the first floor through April 24, 2014. In addition, library books related to book art and bookbinding are also on display next to the exhibit and are available for checkout. 

All photographs by Ken Colwell

Wednesday, April 16, 2014

New Books and Media: March

Anders Zorn : Sweden's master painter / Johan Cederlund, Hans Henrik Brummer, Per Hedström, James A. Ganz
The arsenic century : how Victorian Britain was poisoned at home, work, and play / James C. Whorton
The art of Bone / in association with Jeff Smith ; and featuring an introduction by Lucy Shelton Caswell

More after the break...

New Book and Acquisitions: February

African Americans in sports / edited by David K. Wiggins, editor
Aircraft design : a systems engineering approach / Mohammad H. Sadraey, Daniel Webster College, New Hampshire, USA
Art critiques : a guide / James Elkins
Autism spectrum disorder : a clinical guide for general practitioners / V. Mark Durand

More after the break...

Tuesday, April 1, 2014

This Month @ ONU

April 1, 1976 – Groundbreaking for Wilson Art Bldg.

April 1, 1973 – Groundbreaking for King-Horn Center

April 1, 1995 – Freeman Annex to Dukes Memorial dedicated
(L to R) C.H. Freeman's daughter, Pres. Freed, Susan Insley (Trustee) A&S Dean Hawbecker
April 2, 2004 – Arbogast Building in downtown Ada burns, ONU students & staff lose housing


April 3, 1928 – Funeral of Sen. Willis ('93 and ONU faculty member)

April 5, 1997 – Ground broken for addition to Taggart Law Library

April 7, 1941 – Clappers are stolen from bell tower in Hill Bldg.

April 9, 1866 – Henry S. Lehr began leaching in the Ada Public School – conducted his “select
                           school,” the predecessor of ONU, after classes

April 10, 1949 – Pres. McClure resigns for health reasons. Died June 1, 1952 at his home in

April 11, 1941 – Northern opens a $12,000 dormitory in the former S.M. Johnson residence
                             behind Hill

April 12, 1973 – Cornerstone laid for King-Horn

April 17, 1971 – Wesley Center dedicated

April 17, 1991 – beginning of dedication ceremonies for Freed Center

April 20, 1903 – first classes held in Dukes Building

April 22, 1941 – Two 50 lb. bell clappers from Hill Bldg. turn up in the lobby of the Cleveland

                             Plain Dealer

April 21, 1968 – Five University Place (former Alpha Sigma Phi house) opened

April 22, 1907 – Former Pres. Leroy A. Belt dies in his home in Kenton

April 23, 1994 - The Zeta Sigma chapter of Kappa Alpha Theta was established at Northern
April 27, 2009 – First LGBT course added to ONU’s curriculum

Tuesday, March 18, 2014

March Display: The Great Black Swamp

March’s library display is about the Great Black Swamp and surrounding marshes, which are important to the history of this area of northwest Ohio. The Swamp was roughly the size of Connecticut before being drained. Virtually none of the Swamp is left.

Tom Rumer, author of Unearthing the Land: The Story of Ohio’s Scioto Marsh, is appearing at ONU in April. He is a native of Kenton, Ohio.

Earliest known photo of the Great Black Swamp

The landscape of northwest Ohio was formed by melting ice and the glacial lakes left behind in its wake. Because of the low gradient (3 feet fall per mile) to the northeast, the flat lacustrine plain evolved into a large swamp. A massive swamp forest with huge hardwoods, broken only sporadically with intermittent wet prairies and savannahs, dominated the landscape. Both prehistoric and historic Indians farmed the flood plains of the Maumee River and its tributaries: Auglaize, Tiffin, and Blanchard rivers. The geography of the swamp retarded major settlement up to the Civil War. The 1859 Ohio Ditch Law, a harbinger of drainage legislation nationally, created a cooperative system for individuals to petition county government to surface drain the area. Simultaneous to the surface drainage projects, a massive effort was underway timbering the former swamp forest. Virgin timber for the fleets of America and Europe, grade lumber for the farms and the emerging cities of the area, stave wood for the barrel and stave mills, and the left-over slabwood to fuel the hundreds of clay tile mill kilns dotting the counties of the swamp nearly denuded the landscape of these giant trees. The family-owned clay tile mills allowed underdrainage to transform the swamp into Ohio's most contiguously farmed and productive region. 

The Scioto Marsh, located on SR 195 near McGuffey, was the largest of three extensive marsh areas in western Hardin County. It was formed in the low basins left by the last retreating glacier 10,000 years ago. It covered more than 16,000 acres and was thought to be a source of malaria by the early settlers. A drainage project was begun in 1859, and the remaining peat-ladened soil helped make this rich agricultural area. 

The village of McGuffey was named for John McGuffey, who in the 1860s first attempted to drain the Scioto Marsh. McGuffey was once the center of the national onion trade due to the rich organic soil in the wetland.

Hog-Creek Marsh was located on SR 81, halfway between the villages of Ada and Dola. Comprising 8,000 acres of Brookston-Crosby soils, the marsh is named for Hog Creek which drains it. Once a shallow lake, cranberries, wild flags and grasses flourished here. Reclamation (1868) cost $13.00 per acre. Dredging was done by steam scow; lateral ditches were hand dug by spade. The original grade of 1/3" in 100' proved ineffective for onion, beets and potatoes. In 1949 restored drainage outlets breathed new life for today's soybean and corn agriculture.

Friday, February 28, 2014

    This Month @ ONU

March 8, 1838   – H.S. Lehr, founder of
Ohio Northern University, born

March 12, 1986 – Dedication of Renovated Presser Hall

March 13, 1866 – Lehr arrives in Ada (then called Johnstown)
March 16, 1923 – Polar bear adopted as Northern’s mascot
From cover of 1925 Northern

March 22, 1963 – Ground broken for McIntosh Center (cafeteria section opened earlier)

March 24, 2013 – Campus hit by a late season blizzard
Don't put those coats and scarves away just yet.

March 28, 1958 – ONU accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Secondary
Schools - A joyful Pres. McIntosh Waving
March 31. 1995 – Freeman Annex, Dukes Building dedicated
Named in honor of Prof. C.H. Freeman


Thursday, February 27, 2014

New Books and Media: January 2014

American labor's global ambassadors : the international history of the AFL-CIO during the Cold War / edited by Robert Anthony Waters, Jr., and Geert Van Goethem ; with foreword by Marcel van der Linden
Belgium and the Congo, 1885-1980 / Guy Vanthemsche, Vrije Universiteit Brussel ; translated by Alice Cameron and Stephen Windross ; revised by Kate Connelly

More after the break...

Library System Downtime

The library catalog, Polar, and off-campus access to databases will be unavailable on Monday, March 3, due to a hardware migration.

Thank you for your patience.